Take a look at the Physiotherapy Services we can expertly provide to our patients at our medical centers…
Short Wave Diathermy (SWD)
Short Wave Diathermy or SWD (as it is commonly called) is a type of physical therapy, which works by heating the tissues of the muscles to bring relief in pain. SWD is normally used to treat deep muscles and joint pain, as well as deep localized inflammations. There are three types of Diathermy treatments (Shortwave, Ultrasound & Microwave) carried out by therapists at present.
The literal meaning of Diathermy is ‘Electrically induced Heat’; so when this electrically induced Heat is applied to the area affected by pain, it deep heats the muscle tissues to bring relaxation in pain. In this therapy, the part of the body affected by pain is placed amidst 2 condenser plates which direct maximum temperature on the hypodermis tissues of the affected area, which ultimately results in the easing of pain in that region.
The main advantage of using SWD is that it can be used to treat a large area of the body affected by pain, which is particularly useful in instances of back muscle pain. SWD is also pretty useful in treating Tendonitis, Neuritis and all kinds of muscular Strains as well. This method of treatment also provides considerable respite to patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis as well. Other general applications where SWD can work wonders include Inflammations of the elbow, shoulder and knee joints, Ligament Sprains, Muscle Spasms, Soft Tissue Damage, Lower Back Pain etc.
Inferential Therapy (IFT)
Interferential therapy or IFT is also a type of physical therapy, which involves the use of a mid-frequency electrical signal to relieve the pain caused by spasms and straining of muscles. The mid-frequency electrical signal used in this therapy creates a massaging effect over the area affected by pain at intermittent intervals thus inducing the secretion of endorphins, the natural pain relievers present in the body. This helps in relaxing the muscles and healing of soft-tissues damaged by the injury/inflammation.
Interferential therapy actually works on the physiological effects of low frequency stimulation of peripheral nerves. It is somewhat a general means of stimulus which can be set up to work as a muscle stimulator by changing the stimulating frequency. This is a preferred therapy for many patients as it is less discomforting than a few other methods of electrical stimulation used for treatment. Inferential therapy is used to get relief from pain by stimulation of muscles and by increasing flow of blood by acting on the nerve tissues.
TENS, an acronym for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is also a process for relieving of pain in which a special device is used to transmit low-voltage electrical impulses through electrodes on the skin of the area affected by pain. Under this process of pain relief, low-voltage electrical current is used for achieving the desired pain relief in the affected person.
In this process, two electrodes are connected to carry electrical current from the machine to the skin. The therapist carrying out the procedure places the electrodes in the area of pain or at the pressure points present in the area to send electrical impulses travelling through the nerve fibers located under the skin. The TENS machine can also be operated on different frequencies according to the degree of pain in the affected area, and this is decided by the expert/therapist handling the procedure.
Ultrasound Therapy is also another pain relieving procedure that works by stimulating the tissues under the surface of the skin. However instead of using electrical signals (used in IFT, SWD and TENS), this method of treatment uses high frequency sound waves to stimulate the tissues under the skin. Because it uses very high frequency sound waves, it doesn’t cause any discomfort to the patient and is not even audible to the human ear at such a high frequency.
Ultrasound therapy is a highly effective method of relieving pain preferred all around the world by therapists. This method of therapy provides remarkable boost in cell-repair rate, a healthy circulation of Oxygen in the blood, giving significant pain relief without any harmful side-effects at all. Even clinical testing has proven that Ultrasound Therapy is the most proficient, non-invasive method of heat therapy to treat instances of muscle pain.
This method of therapy is also pretty effective in lessening pain and swelling of muscle tissues in all joints including knee, hips, shoulder and back. This therapy is also quite useful in treating pain due to other conditions such as, Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Sciatica, Back & Neck Pain, Bursitis, Frozen Shoulder, Tennis Elbow, Tendonitis, Sports Injuries, muscular sprains and Strains etc.
Traction Cervical Lumbar
Traction is the process of applying manual or mechanical force to the body for enabling stretching and mobilization of muscles, joints, ligaments and tissues located in the spinal area. By applying traction on the cervical (neck area) or lumbar region (lower back) of the spine, people suffering from cervical or lower-back pain are treated to relieve pain, stimulate fluid production in the joints, and enhance the extent of motion.
This method of mechanical traction is used with a range of halters and belts used at varying positions to apply traction to different areas of the spine at a static or varying force to achieve the desired pain relieving effect. The type and position of the force to be applied with traction is ascertained by the therapist after undertaking a complete evaluation of the MRIs or X-Rays that indicate the position and degree of problem in the spine. This method of Spinal traction can be effectively used for treating conditions of Back & neck pain, Herniated disc, Nerve root compression, Osteoarthritis, Joint stiffness and Muscle tightness as well.
Muscle Stimulator or Electrical Muscle Stimulation is primarily used to stop or decrease muscle degeneration. Muscle degeneration usually starts to occur due to decrease in physical activity over a prolonged period of time. With the help of muscle stimulator therapy, muscles tissues are kept healthy and strong with increase in flow of blood to the muscles, this helps in improving the extent of motion, increase in muscle strength, as well as improvement in the endurance of muscles.
This method of therapy is particularly useful in treating all kinds of painful conditions related to the muscles, such as spastic muscles, sore muscles, tight muscles, strained muscles and sprained muscles.
If we look from the inside, we will realize how complex the structure of a shoulder is. And because of its complexity, a shoulder becomes a pretty vulnerable place where many things could go wrong any time. Made of 3 bones: the humerus (upper arm), the scapula (shoulder blade) and the clavicle (collarbone), it also contains the rotator cuff; a system of muscles and tendons attached to the upper arm bone and the shoulder blade and also a small, fluid-filled sac, that is located between the rotator cuff and the acromion (the bone on top of the shoulder blade) called Bursae.
With so many different structures and functions present in the shoulder area, instances of shoulder pain are probably the most common among people and particularly the rotator cuff is the cause of trouble in maximum of cases. Generally there are 3 kinds of pain that can be typically linked to discomfort in the shoulder region. The first is Tendinitis, which is caused when tendons in the rotator cuff get damaged, inflamed or irritated. The second condition is called Bursitis, which is caused when the fluid-filled sack Bursae is swelled up with more fluid, causing more pain as a consequence. The third condition is Impingement, which is caused when the space between the acromion and the rotator cuff is narrowed, which causes the acromion to rub or impinge on the tendon and bursa, causing pain.
In the event of any of 3 conditions of pain surfacing in the shoulder, a physical therapy involving gentle stretching and strengthening exercises is prescribed to get relief from the pain and enhance the range of motion of the shoulder.
Mobilization therapies are usually employed for Soft tissue mobilization which is primarily carried out to reduce adhesion in the muscles, enhance the range of motion, elongate muscles and tendons, decrease swelling and edema, reduce pain and re-establish functionality. Adhesions in the muscle are caused due to the natural healing process in the body that tries to heal injuries to the soft issues by a long inflammation process which results in formation of strands of collagenous scar tissue. Bouts of pain are triggered when these tissues pull or push against each other.
This method of therapy is given by our therapists, who are specially trained to use their hands to push-pull or massage your muscles, ligaments, nerves and tendons in such a way that patients get significant relief from pain and the affected part of body is able to return to full functionality soon.
This method of therapy actually uses low level Laser to deliver a painless, non-invasive method of treatment that can be easily applied to a range of injuries, fractures, wounds and other conditions. This method of treatment is especially used when all other methods of conventional therapies have proven ineffective on the patient. Around the globe today, laser therapy is fast becoming a medically proven way of healing injuries, wounds and fractures 60% faster than other methods of therapy, which eventually results in a big reduction in the cost of treatments for several conditions including, Arthritis, Tendonitis, Heel Spurs, Degenerative Joint Disease, Tennis Elbows, Sprains & Strains, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Bursitis, Bone Fractures, Dermatitis, Eczema, Herpes, Psoriasis, Stretch Marks, Skin Ulcers & Lesions, Acne, Neuralgia etc.
In this therapy, when low level laser light is projected on the skin of the area affected by pain, it penetrates the skin and optimizes the immune response of the blood by giving essential oxygen and energy to the cells. With this therapy, most people don’t feel anything at all; no pulsating sensation or no heating of the body part. The best part of this therapy is that even during the therapy and immediately after it; almost 75 to 80% of patients feel a noticeable improvement in their condition. However, the degree of relief also depends on the duration for which the patient has been suffering from the painful condition. If the condition has been persisting for a long time, the relief in pain too will take that much longer to come for the patient.
Exercise Therapy actually involves putting down a schedule of physical exercises that are meant and prescribed for achieving a desired therapeutic objective. The purpose of these exercise regimes is to work towards restoring the system of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, joints and associated tissues back to normal so that body starts functioning normally without any pain.
This method of therapy also stresses on gait training and therapeutic activities, and is also highly repetitive and intensive requiring the time and dedication of the patient to achieve a significant level of relief from the pain. Carried out by trained therapists, this therapy requires perseverance and persistent effort to attain results.